CBD Oil Guide: The Essentials

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a completely non-psychoactive, naturally occurring compound in the cannabis plant. Its popularity has been rising steadily in recent years for it claimed benefits.

What is CBD Oil?

Having a high bioavailability means it can enter the body efficiently, allowing smaller doses to remain effective.

What does it do?

It plays a large role in the regulation of the endocannabinoid system, the system in your body that uses cannabinoids which are naturally produced by your body.

CBD popularity

The well-deserved popularity of CBD has given rise to an abundance of CBD goods available on the market. This is because CBD oil is easy to use and has a high ‘bioavailability’.


Having a high bioavailability means it can enter the body efficiently, allowing smaller doses to remain effective.

CBD Oil and the Endocannabinoid System

Although research on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is still in its infancy, we’ve made huge progress in our understanding of CBD and the ECS. These advancements have allowed for increased adoption and the subsequent rise of the CBD market.

Determining High-Quality From Poor Quality CBD

It’s important to know how to tell the difference between high-quality CBD oil and poor-quality CBD oil. A decent CBD oil usually comes in an amber-gold or pale-yellow colour, with clear consistency, and is free of any plant material. Whenever you come across a CBD product that falls short of these requirements, it’s an instant red flag. No CBD oil should have chunks, foul smells, or thick black colors.

CBD Oil Extraction: How It’s Done

The process behind extracting CBD oil from the plant is a lot like other plant extractions. As mentioned, CBD can be extracted from both marijuana and hemp varieties of cannabis plants.

We can distinguish two common methods of CBD oil extraction:

1. Organic Alcohol Extraction
Anything that’s soluble in fat is also soluble in alcohol. This means that we can efficiently pull CBD and cannabis terpenes out of the plant using simple drinking alcohol (ethyl alcohol).

2. Supercritical CO2 extraction
CO2 extraction involves filtering the gas through a number of temperature-controlled chambers under high pressure to create a special supercritical phase. While in this phase, CO2 behaves like both a gas AND a liquid. It also gives it extremely efficient solvent properties that essentially strip the chemicals out of the cannabis material.

Once the extraction is over, chemists use a special method called chromatography to get rid of any plant residue from the final products. Sometimes, manufacturers will also extract terpenes and other chemical compounds to make “full-spectrum” CBD oil.

CBD Oil Guide: Dosage Instructions

As CBD affects everyone differently, there is no optimal CBD dosage that would suit everybody. For now, let’s focus on figuring out the potency of your CBD oil.

CBD tinctures usually come with a dropper. One full dropper contains around 1mL of oil, which equals 20 drops. However, we recommend that you count the drops when you first  use the dropper as they can vary between manufacturers slightly.

So, for example, if you have our 500mg tincture in a 30mL (1ounce) bottle, we calculate that 1mL will contain about 16mg full spectrum CBD oil. With the minimum amount of 60% CBD content in our oil each 30ml bottle contains over 300mg of pure CBD. 1ml contains over 10mg of pure CBD.

An ounce (30mL) of a 500mg bottle, in turn, has approximately 16.6mg of full spectrum CBD oil per 1mL, and a 1000mg (15ml) tincture has approximately 66mg of full spectrum CBD oil in 1mL.

Based on these facts, you can estimate the amount of CBD by using the number of drops and CBD per mL.

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